knowledge base

How is enamelware made

Today enamelware is experiencing its renaissance.
Our manufacturing technique is traditional – we preserved over 100 years old methods of production.
However, we maintain high safety standards and perform thorough quality check.

- What is enamel? -

Enamel is a material produced by fusing powdered glass to a substrate. It is fired with additive pigments. Covering steel elements with enamel protects the base material from rust, gives the ware a pleasing aesthetic, and guarantees health and safety during the use of enamelware in the kitchen. Its durability is the result of firing at high temperatures (about 850°C) This does not only make it durable, but also makes it suitable for use on every cooker (including induction hobs) and makes it dishwasher-safe.

Enamelware is one of the most durable

kinds of kitchenware that are currently available.

- Advantages of enamel -

Do you know why you can safely put one kind of enamelware in the bonfire, but not others? Have you ever wondered about the difference, since all enamel mugs look almost the same? Certain production methods are the key here. At Emalco, we make mugs that are made of the best quality steel and we use ceramic decals which are fired into the last layer of enamel – all of that makes them heavy-duty kitchenware!

Wanna see how cheap enamel mugs will look like after you’ll use them in the open fire?

What does the enamelware
production process look like?

The process is divided into two main stages:


Firstly the sheet metal is cut into separate rings. It is then pressed at high pressure to form the body of the dish. The metal parts such as the handles or rims are then taken and welded together to complete the metal form…

Enameling the metal form
This stage is a few more tasks:

● grounding

This is where the material is coated with a ground coat to prepare it for the outer layer. Following this the product is inspected by our quality control team. If it passes this stage, it can then be fired at very high temperatures. It is inspected once more after firing to ensure no defects have occurred.

● enameling

The second part of enameling is where your design really comes to life! This is where the dish gets some color. This gives the product its required aesthetic and practical attributes. Should the inner and outer colors of the product vary we firstly apply the inner coat. After drying, we apply a special enamel to the rim. It is specifically made to protect this area and needs to be significantly durable. The product is then fired once more before another rigorous inspection (we want to ensure all high standards of production are met).

● decorating

After all of this, we can begin to decorate the product. Decoration is also a time-consuming process. At first the ceramic decal is applied by hands. Then it has to be dried and fired at very high temperatures (once again!) before, of course…. Yes – you guessed it! Being inspected again!

- How to use enamelware? -

The history that will be written on your enamelware can enrich it or damage – it all depends on how it is treated.
Here are some rules to help you save it for years to come and some advises to make you and your enamelware friends. 

  • You can use the enamelware on the induction cooker, gas or electric stove, in the oven, in the bonfire, in the dishwasher, fridge, and freezer. 
  • Tea or food can stain the enamel. That’s a natural process so don’t worry when it happens. 
  • Enamel is a hard material that can survive a lot. However, exposed to a big pressure it will break (just like glass ). Don’t throw your enamelware, especially on the hard surface. 
  • Do not use abrasive cleaning pads or gritty soap powders.
  • Do not use in the microwave
  • Enamelware is made of steel and because of that, it conducts heat better than other mugs. That`s why they might even feel warmer than the drink inside. Be careful, because the dishes might get surprisingly hot. 
  • Do not use damaged enamelware for hot food and beverages. There are layers between the steel and the last, colorful enamel, that serve to protect the dishes and not to have contact with your food or drinks.
  • Do not use vinaigrette for cleaning - it might change the color of enamel.

The history of enamel

The history of enamel starts as far as over 5 thousand years ago. Ancient civilizations used enamel to cover their earthenware and jewelry. The currently used form of enamelware that we all know dates back to 1760 in Germany. From there it spread to other European countries including Poland. Enamel officially arrived in North America in the 1950s. In early enamelware production, it was only the internal parts that were enameled, this was done to eliminate any contact between food or beverages and the steel substrate. The chance of contamination from rusting metal was therefore minimized. Later people began to realize the benefits of enameling the exterior as it proved durable, easy to clean and resistant to interaction with food steel ware. There were some regional preferences as to the decorations. In the USA plain enamel was the style of choice closely followed by speckles. In the UK, there was a dominance of white enamel with a navy blue brim. In the other hand, Sweden’s most popular design was cream with a green frame. Other countries frequently used speckles, spots and folk decorations. 


– every product of Emalco Enamelware is handmade and every
imperfection gives it its uniqueness.

Do you have any questions? Check our Q&A or contact us!

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